Stretching is only beneficial when done properly. For example, athletes need to make stretching a regular part of their training program and devote several minutes to stretching each day to see results. Athletes also need to stretch gradually, slowly, and using the correct technique to avoid injuring themselves during stretching. Just as there is more than one way to achieve a set goal, there is more than one stretch to enhance flexibility.
Stretching can optimize an athlete’s learning, practice, and performance of many types of skilled movements. For example, a high jumper using the straddle technique requires additional flexibility in the adductors, groin, and hamstrings.
Stretching can increase an athlete’s mental and physical relaxation.
Stretching can promote development of body awareness.
Stretching can reduce risk of joint sprain or muscle strain.
Stretching can reduce risk of back problems.
Stretching can reduce muscle soreness.
Stretching can reduce the severity of painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea) for female athletes.
Stretching can reduce muscle tension.